NSW Department of Education and Training (DET) All rights reserved. This work is copyrighted, but permission is given to trainers and teachers to make. How engine works. TD. Note: 1ère. Page 1 sur 6. Smaïl GOUMEZIANE – Lycée Georges CORMIER. Worksheet. 1. How a car engine Works. The process by. How Car Engines goudzwaard.info - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online.

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Car Engine Working Pdf

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Have you ever opened the hood of your car and wondered what was going on in there? A car engine can look like a big confusing jumble of metal, tubes and wires to the uninitiated. You might want to know what's going on simply out of curiosity. Or perhaps you are downloading a new car, and you hear things like "3. In this article, we'll discuss the basic idea behind an engine and then go into detail about how all the pieces fit together. The purpose of a gasoline car engine is to convert gasoline into motion so that your car can move. Currently the easiest way to create motion from gasoline is to burn the gasoline inside an engine. Therefore, a car engine is an internal combustion engine combustion takes place internally. Two things to note:

These advantages and disadvantages make them more suitable for certain vehicles.

Figure 3. V: The cylinders are arranged in two banks set at an angle to one another. HowStuffWorks Figure 4. Flat: The cylinders are arranged in two banks on opposite sides of the engine.

HowStuffWorks Let's look at some key engine parts in more detail. The spark must happen at just the right moment for things to work properly. Valves The intake and exhaust valves open at the proper time to let in air and fuel and to let out exhaust.

Note that both valves are closed during compression and combustion so that the combustion chamber is sealed.

Basic Engine Parts | HowStuffWorks

Piston A piston is a cylindrical piece of metal that moves up and down inside the cylinder. Piston Rings Piston rings provide a sliding seal between the outer edge of the piston and the inner edge of the cylinder.

They keep oil in the sump from leaking into the combustion area, where it would be burned and lost.

Most cars that "burn oil" and have to have a quart added every 1, miles are burning it because the engine is old and the rings no longer seal things properly. Many modern vehicles use more advance materials for piston rings.

In a multi-cylinder engine, the cylinders usually are arranged in one of three ways: inline, V or flat also known as horizontally opposed or boxer , as shown in the following figures. Different configurations have different advantages and disadvantages in terms of smoothness, manufacturing cost and shape characteristics.

These advantages and disadvantages make them more suitable for certain vehicles. Let's look at some key engine parts in more detail. The spark must happen at just the right moment for things to work properly.

Valves The intake and exhaust valves open at the proper time to let in air and fuel, and to let out exhaust. Note that both valves are closed during compression and combustion so that the combustion chamber is sealed.

How Car Engines Work.pdf

Piston A piston is a cylindrical piece of metal that moves up and down inside the cylinder. Piston Rings Piston rings provide a sliding seal between the outer edge of the piston and the inner edge of the cylinder.

They keep oil in the sump from leaking into the combustion area, where it would be burned and lost. Most cars that "burn oil" and have to have a quart added every 1, miles are burning it because the engine is old and the rings no longer seal things properly.

Connecting Rod The connecting rod connects the piston to the crankshaft. It can rotate at both ends so that its angle can change as the piston moves and the crankshaft rotates.

Car engines

Crankshaft The crankshaft turns the piston's up and down motion into circular motion just like a crank on a jack-in-the-box does.

Sump The sump surrounds the crankshaft. It contains some amount of oil, which collects in the bottom of the sump the oil pan.

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