Nigerian Laws - Laws of the Federation of Nigeria including fedral laws, court of The Principle of Derivation) Act, Allocation of Revenue (Federation. Nigerian Laws - Laws of the Federation of Nigeria including treaties, existing laws of The Principle of Derivation) Act, Allocation of Revenue ( Federation. B13 L.F.N. Building Lines (Federal Trunk Roads) Act - CAP. B14 L.F.N. C Capital Gains Tax Act - CAP. C1 L.F.N. Carriage of Goods by Sea Act.
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The laws of the Federation of Nigeria were revised and consolidated pursuant to The Revised Edition (Laws of the Federation of Nigeria) Decree The laws. All Laws of the Federation of Nigeria App LFN v.1 contains over federal laws of Nigeria and useful for lawyers and law student. (2) The Federal Republic of Nigeria shall not be governed, nor shall any persons (3) If any other law is inconsistent with the provisions of this Constitution, this.
It is a literature research. This will involve an examination of legal literature in Nigeria, legal and policy instruments that are relevant to research ethics.
References will also be made to relevant case law. The module collates laws governing various aspects of research ethics such as ethics review criteria, oversight for ethics review, criteria for selecting research participants, issues relating to conflict of interest , privacy, risk - benefit ratio, compensation and informed consent process.
This grouping has however not been accorded any constitutional recognition. There are close to linguistic groups in Nigeria, but the 3 major languages are Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba, while English is the official language.
The Nigerian Legal System NLS is based on the English Common Law and legal tradition by virtue of colonization and the attendant incidence of reception of English law through the process of legal transplant.
English law has a tremendous influence on the Nigerian legal system, and it forms a substantial part of Nigerian law. Section 45 1 of the Interpretation Act provides that, the common law of England and the doctrines of equity and the statutes of general application which were in force in England on 1st January, are applicable in Nigeria, only in so far as local jurisdiction and circumstances shall permit.
Consequently, legal issues evolving from common law in England and codes of conduct of the medical profession and professional ethics as a whole, such as confidentiality, consent, maleficence, beneficence , duty of care are applicable in Nigeria even though they have not been legislated upon.
The Nigerian Constitution is a Federal one. A federal constitution is one which provides for division of powers between the constituents of the Federal Government. The Nigerian Constitution is supreme. Constitutional supremacy relates to the supremacy of authority of the constitution over other laws.
The current Constitution is the Constitution. It came into operations on 29th May, By virtue of section 13 2 b , the security and welfare of the people is the primary purpose of the government. Sections set out the various ways in ensuring that this purpose is fulfilled without violating the fundamental rights of the citizens which are set out in Chapter 4 of the Constitution.
These rights include, the right to life, right to dignity of persons, right to personal liberty, right to fair hearing, right to private and family life, right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, right to freedom of expression and the press, right to peaceful assembly and association, right to freedom of movement, right to freedom from discrimination and the right to acquire and own immovable property anywhere in Nigeria.
The Constitution regulates the distribution of legislative business between the National Assembly which has power to make laws for the Federation and the House of Assembly of each state of the federation.
Laws made subsequently are found in the annual volumes of the laws of the FRN. Federal laws enacted under the military regime known as Decrees and state laws known as Edicts form the bulk of primary legislations. Despite the influence of English law, the Nigerian legal system is very complex because of legal pluralism.
Legal pluralism is the existence of multiple legal systems within one geographic area. It occurs when different laws govern different groups within a country or where, to an extent, the legal systems of the indigenous population have been given some recognition. Legal pluralism is prevalent in former colonies, where the law of a former colonial authority may exist alongside traditional legal systems.
This is evident in the Nigerian Legal system where the customary law exists side by side with the inherited English Legal System.
This emanated from the usage and practices of the people. The traditional classification of customary law is into the following categories:. The doctrine of precedent is founded on the objective of law that ensures that like cases are decided alike. The operation of the doctrine is tied to the hierarchy of the courts. A court is bound by the decisions of any court above it in the hierarchy and usually by a court of co-ordinate or equivalent jurisdiction. The Supreme Court is the highest court of the land.
The Court of Appeal is the penultimate court to entertain appeals from the High Courts, which are the trial courts of general jurisdiction. The Court of Appeal and all lower courts are bound by the decision of the Supreme Court. The Federal and State courts are not in two parallel lines.
It is only to a limited extent that it may be asserted that each state has its own legal system. Although Nigeria is a signatory to various international conventions and covenants, these are not enforceable in Nigeria unless they are enacted into law by the National Assembly. The system of Government in the FRN is modelled after the American presidential system with three arms of government, namely, the legislature, the executive and the judiciary.
The legislature makes the law, the executive implements the law, while the judiciary interprets the law.
Section 4 1 of the Constitution provides that the legislative powers of the country shall be vested in the National Assembly. By virtue of sub section 2 , the National Assembly has powers to make laws for the peace, order and good government of the federation, to the exclusion of the state House of Assembly. It follows law making procedures as specified in sections 58 and 59 of the Constitution.
It is bicameral and is made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The powers of the National Assembly to legislate refer to:. Each state has its own law making organ known as the House of Assembly. State House of Assemblies have powers to legislate on any matter in the concurrent legislative list and any other matter with respect to which it is empowered to make laws in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
By virtue of S. It pertinent to note that scientific and technological research, this includes health research, falls within items on the concurrent list.
Consequently, both the National Assembly and the State House of Assembly may make laws governing research ethics in Nigeria.
The executive power of the Federation is vested in the President by virtue of section 5 1 of the Constitution. Such powers can be administered directly or through the Vice President or Ministers or officers of the government. In the states the executive power of a state is vested in the Governor and may through the Deputy Governor or Commissioners or other public officers. The courts established by the Constitution are the only superior courts of record in Nigeria.
The Constitution empowers the National Assembly and the House of Assembly to establish courts with subordinate jurisdiction to the High Court. These courts are invariably inferior courts of record notwithstanding the status of the officer presiding in the courts.
These institutions such as the National Health Research Committee, and National Agency for Food and Drugs Administration and Control, are allowed to make rules, regulations, directives and bylaws pursuant to their enabling Acts and consequently are binding. You got nothing to honestly lose as the app is free.
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