how music captures our imagination. by Jourdain, Robert. In library, Philosophy and aesthetics, Physiological aspects of Music, Psychological aspects of Music, Christianity, Music therapy, Music, Psychological aspects, Physiological aspects. Jourdain - Music the Brain and Ecstasy - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File . txt) or read online. Beauty. Robert Jourdain: Music. the Brain. and Ecstasy: How music captures our imagination, New York:William Morrow and Company, Just fifty years ago, there.

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Music The Brain And Ecstasy Pdf

that the human brain “deconstructs” music patterns and then takes the elements .. [2] R. Jourdain, Music, the Brain, and Ecstasy, William Morrow and. Company . What makes a distant oboe's wail beautiful? Why do some kinds of music lift us to ecstasy, but not others? How can music make sense to an ear and brain evolv. goudzwaard.info Review of. "Music , The Brain, and Ecstasy: How music captures our imagination.

See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Abstract Aim This paper presents a discussion of the development of a middle-range nursing theory of the effects of music on physical activity and improved health outcomes. Background Due to the high rate of physical inactivity and the associated negative health outcomes worldwide, nurses need new evidence-based theories and interventions to increase physical activity. Data sources The theory of music, mood and movement MMM was developed from physical activity guidelines and music theory using the principles of statement and theory synthesis. Discussion The theory of MMM was synthesized by combining the psychological and physiological responses of music to increase physical activity and improve health outcomes. It proposes that music alters mood, is a cue for movement, and makes physical activity more enjoyable leading to improved health outcomes of weight, blood pressure, blood sugar and cardiovascular risk factor management, and improved quality of life. Conclusion As it was developed from the physical activity guidelines, the middle-range theory is prescriptive, produces testable hypotheses, and can guide nursing research and practice. The middle-range theory needs to be tested to determine its usefulness for nurses to develop physical activity programmes to improve health outcomes across various cultures. Keywords: health outcomes, middle-range theory, music, physical activity Introduction International guidelines for physical activity recommend that adults engage in regular, moderate—intensity physical activity for at least 30 minutes per day for 3—5 days per week to obtain health benefits USDHHS , Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute , Van Sluijs et al. Unfortunately, physical inactivity is increasingly prevalent in industrialized countries and contributes to obesity and chronic diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes Hirvensalo et al. Hence, cross-cultural, innovative, evidence-based strategies to promote physical activity and improve a wide range of health outcomes continue to be an important area for nursing research and practice worldwide. One strategy is to develop a middle-range theory with music as an intervention to increase physical activity and improve health outcomes. Through the ordering of tones or sounds to produce compositions, music produces psychological and physiological responses within the human body. Currently, there are two middle-range nursing theories that emphasize the psychological responses of music to improve health outcomes: the theory of pain: a balance between analgesia and side effects Good and the theory of individualized music intervention for agitation IMIA Gerdner

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Music, the brain, and ecstasy how music captures our imagination 1st ed. Morrow in New York.

Written in English. Subjects In library , Philosophy and aesthetics , Physiological aspects of Music , Psychological aspects of Music , Christianity , Music therapy , Music , Psychological aspects , Physiological aspects.

Music, the brain, and ecstasy

Edition Notes Includes bibliographical references p. J68 The Physical Object Pagination xvii, p.

Number of pages Borrow Download ebook for print-disabled Prefer the physical book? These health benefits include decreased risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, colon and breast cancer.

Furthermore, physical activity produces health benefits through positive effects on hypertension, osteoporosis, body weight and composition, decreased depression, anxiety, stress and decreased falls World Health Organization As a result, physical inactivity is a major public health problem in most countries; therefore, effective strategies are urgently needed to improve physical activity in all populations worldwide.

Historically, music has been universally valued for its psychological and physiological effects on humans Murrock Ancient Egyptians, Chinese and Florence Nightingale have documented the therapeutic uses of music for healing purposes White A comprehensive review of music theory is beyond the scope of this paper, but basic discussions of the five elements of music are provided.

Musical compositions are complex blends of expressively organized sound consisting of five elements: rhythm, melody, pitch, harmony and interval Bunt As proposed by the MMM, these five elements are vital when selecting music to invoke both psychological and physiological responses within the listener. As the second element, melody is the sequencing of musical pitch and intervals between musical notes. Melody is a form of non-verbal communication that can elicit a broad spectrum of emotions from one extreme response happy, calm and euphoric to another sad, anxious and angry.

The number of cycles that a particular sound vibrates per second is the third element, pitch. Faster vibrations cause high-pitched tones that are usually associated with cheerful or happy reactions.

On the other hand, slower vibrations cause lower tones and typically connote dreariness or depression. The vibration rate per unit of time can influence an emotional response as rapid vibrations and are viewed as stimulating and slow vibrations are considered as relaxing Bunt The fourth element is the product of blending pitches together to form a combination of sounds known as harmony, which links rhythm to the melody.

Music, the brain, and ecstasy : how music captures our imagination

These blended combinations can be characterized as consonant or dissonant Bunt and form distinct patterns from the simultaneous musical notes resulting in a musical chord. In conjunction with timbre, which is the quality of sound, the composition of chords results in a specific sound that enables a person to identify a particular musical instrument or type of singing voice.

The fifth and final element is interval, which is the distance between two notes. As evidenced by the rich variety of music among cultures, the five elements of music, along with its set of rules, combine a finite range of sounds in an infinite number of ways. As one of the oldest and most accepted modes for expressing cultural diversity, music elicits emotional responses and stimulates movement that can be used for therapeutic purposes.

Music, the brain, and ecstasy : how music captures our imagination (eBook, ) [goudzwaard.info]

Over the years, workers in various schools of thought have worked to explain the psychological responses of music to alter mood and serve as auditory distraction. For example, referentialists claim that music summons memories of past experiences and the associated emotional responses to alter mood Jourdain while absolutists believe that it is only the sound of the music that produces the meaning and emotional responses to alter mood White In addition, the theory of pain: a balance between analgesia and side effects used music as a type of auditory distraction to relieve the sensation and distress of pain Good However, these theories do not address the physiological responses of music to improve health outcomes.

Throughout history and across societies and cultures, music has stimulated and shaped physical movements for religious ceremonies, entertainment and coordinated physical efforts during work Thaut et al. The connection between music and movement is described by the RAS technique as the manner in which rhythm influences muscle control and provides predictable cues for movement. The RAS has improved balance and gait in stroke survivors Thaut et al. However, RAS does not account for the psychological responses to music and associated improved health outcomes.

To fill this gap, the MMM proposes relationships among the psychological responses of mood alteration and auditory distraction and physiological responses as a cue for movement to increase physical activity and improve health outcomes in adult populations. Statement synthesis identifies relationships among concepts and theory synthesis combines the relational statements into an organized conceptual framework or theory. The steps for statement synthesis, theory synthesis, and empirical evidence for the theoretical statements are outlined below.

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