The Call of the Wild is a short adventure novel by Jack London, published in and set in The book's great popularity and success made a reputation for London. As early as , the story was adapted to film, and it has since seen. The Call of the Wild book. Read reviews from the world's largest community for readers. First published in , The Call of the Wild is regarded a. Book: The Call of the Wild. Author: Jack London, – First published: The original book is in the public domain in the United States and in.
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The Call of the Wild is one of Jack London's most popular novels, narrated by Buck the pound dog who was A picture for the book The Call of the Wild. Jack London's The Call of the Wild was written in , but Buck's gripping adventure makes for a thrilling listen on audio more earn your way to a free book!. THE CALL OF THE WILD (Serialized in The Saturday Evening Post, June July 18, ). [ Go to London's Writings ]. Use a Concordance of this Work (find.
Sold into a kind of canine slavery as an Alaskan sled dog, Buck ends up in the Yukon of the s Klondike gold rush, a milieu familiar to the writer. Eventually, he becomes the property of a salt-of-the-earth outdoorsman named John Thornton who recognises Buck's qualities and with whom the dog enjoys a deep, and affecting rapport. Among many adventures, in extremis, Buck saves Thornton from drowning, but when his master is killed by Yeehat Indians, he gives in to his true nature, answers the call of the wild and joins a wolf pack: "Man, and the claims of man, no longer bound him.
He is expressing his belief, which owes something to Rousseau, that humanity is always in a state of conflict, and that the struggles of existence strengthen man's nature. But what projects The Call of the Wild towards immortality is London's urgent and vivid style, and his astonishing identification with the world he's describing.
His capacity to involve his readers in his story, regardless of literary subtlety, is what many generations of American writers became inspired by. For this alone, he deserves to be remembered.
Accordingly, the story was first published as a volume in America by Macmillan and Company whose editor, George Brett, played a crucial role in London's success as a writer. London achieved overnight acclaim. Inevitably, there was envy. London acknowledged the influence and deflected the charge, saying he had already corresponded with Young on the subject.
HL Mencken , a most perceptive critic, wrote: "No other popular writer of his time did any better writing than you will find in The Call of the Wild… Here, indeed, are all the elements of sound fiction: clear thinking, a sense of character, the dramatic instinct, and, above all, the adept putting together of words — words charming and slyly significant, words arranged, in a French phrase, for the respiration and the ear. On their journey, they meet John Thornton, an experienced outdoorsman, who notices the dogs have been poorly treated and are in a weakened condition.
He warns the trio against crossing the river, but they ignore his advice and order Buck to move on. Exhausted, starving, and sensing the danger ahead, Buck refuses and continues to lie unmoving in the snow.
After Buck is beaten by Hal, Thornton recognizes him to be a remarkable dog.
Disgusted by the driver's treatment of Buck, Thornton hits Hal with the butt of his ax, cuts Buck free from his traces, and tells the trio he is keeping him, much to Hal's displeasure. After some argument, the trio leaves and tries to cross the river, but as Thornton warned, the ice breaks, and the three fall into the river and drown, along with the sled and neglected dogs.
Buck comes to love and grow devoted to Thornton as he nurses him back to health. He saves Thornton when the man falls into a river. After Thornton takes him on trips to pan for gold , a bonanza king someone who hit it rich in a certain area , named Matthewson, wagers Thornton on the dog's strength and devotion. A king of the Skookum Benches offers a large sum to download Buck, but Thornton has grown fond of him and declines.
Using his winnings, Thornton retires his debts but elects to continue searching for gold. However, Buck decides not to join the wolves and elects to return to Thornton, mirroring his refusal to sell Buck. However, Buck returns to the campsite to find Hans and Pete murdered, then sees Thornton has suffered the same fate. Buck finds out the murderers were a group of Yeehat Indians.
Buck eventually kills the natives to avenge Thornton, and he then is attacked by an entire pack of wolves. Buck wins the fight, then finds that the same timber wolf he had socialized with was in the pack he fought. Buck then follows the wolf and its pack into the forest and answers the call of the wild.
Buck comes out of the backwoods once a year on the anniversary of his attack on the Yeehats, at the former campsite where he was last with Thornton, Hans, and Pete, in order to mourn their deaths. Main characters[ edit ] Buck, the novel's protagonist. A domestic dog who lived in California with Judge Miller, but becomes more feral when taken to the Klondike John Thornton, a gold hunter who was Buck's final master until he is killed by the Yeehats Spitz, the main antagonist of the novel and Buck's arch-rival Hal, an aggressive and violent musher who is Mercedes' brother and Charles' brother-in-law, and is inexperienced with the way of sled dogs Charles, Mercedes' husband and less violent than Hal Mercedes, a spoiled and pampered woman who is Hal's sister and Charles' wife The Yeehats, a deadly tribe of Native Americans Background[ edit ] Miners carry gear up the Chilkoot Pass to reach the Klondike California native Jack London had traveled around the United States as a hobo , returned to California to finish high school he dropped out at age 14 , and spent a year in college at Berkeley , when in he went to the Klondike by way of Alaska during the height of the Klondike Gold Rush.
Later, he said of the experience: "It was in the Klondike I found myself. They were successful in staking claims to eight gold mines along the Stewart River. He had contracted scurvy , common in the Arctic winters where fresh produce was unavailable.
When his gums began to swell he decided to return to California. There, he hired himself out on a boat to earn return passage to San Francisco. Horses were replaced with dogs as pack animals to transport material over the pass;  particularly strong dogs with thick fur were "much desired, scarce and high in price".
The depiction of the California ranch at the beginning of the story was based on the Bond family ranch.
He submitted a query letter to the San Francisco Bulletin proposing a story about his Alaskan adventure, but the idea was rejected because, as the editor told him, "Interest in Alaska has subsided in an amazing degree. Genre[ edit ] Buck proves himself as leader of the pack when he fights Spitz "to the death".
The Call of the Wild falls into the genre of animal fiction, in which an animal is anthropomorphized and given human traits. In the story, London attributes human thoughts and insights to Buck, so much so that when the story was published he was accused of being a nature faker for attributing "unnatural" feelings to a dog.