PDF | 55 minutes read | Truly civilized societies do not hold predawn power C.G. Jungʼs theory of psychological types, often called personality types. A survey of career outcomes among Briggs Myers' 16 personality types assessment, career advisors have been interested in using personality type to coach. The following description of personality type was made famous by Isabel Myers and. Katherine Myers-Briggs. Their work was based originally on that of Carl.

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Personality Types Pdf

The following test is designed to measure your MBTI Personality type. We will on “Leadership and Personality Types” during the second day of the conference. Canadian Cataloguing in Publication Data. Sharp, Daryl, Personality types: Jung's model of typology. (Studies in Jungian psychology by Jungian analysts. PERSONALITY TYPE. AND LEADERSHIP. Execution, Influence, Strategic Thinking and Relationship Building [email protected] www. psychometrics.

Data Availability Statement Data are from the "Personality and resiliency characteristics, self-regulation processes and communication factors in defining types of cardiovascular patients. All relevant data are within the paper and its Supporting Information file. Abstract Many studies have focused on Type A and Type D personality types in the context of cardiovascular diseases CVDs , but nothing is known about how these personality types combine to create new profiles. The present study aimed to develop a typology of Type A and Type D personality in two groups of patients affected by and at risk for coronary disease. The study involved patients: Cluster analysis was applied. External variables, such as socio-demographic, psychological, lifestyle, and clinical parameters, were assessed.

I am a first year Computer Science major from San Francisco. I am an INTJ. I enjoy hiking, art, and cooking.

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As a part of WC Personality, Inc. Hello there! I hail from the little city of Rowland Heights, California. I hope to get a job in either working with medical devices or communication. I enjoy playing video games, drawing, cooking, and communicating with my friends. As a member of the WC Personality, Inc. Jung believed that people are either energized by the external world Extraversion or their own internal world Introversion.

He also observed that people took in information Perceiving or organized the information and came up with a conclusion Judging. He noted that people generally engaged in one more than the other. Thus, in , Jung published Psychological Types in which he presented the idea of Jungian archetypes. Isabel Myers, a psychological theorist, believed in the beauty of human personality.

With the onset of World War II, she developed the test to resolve conflicts and help people decide on appropriate careers. Briggs, provides a structure for understanding both similarities and differences among human beings Myers.

The MBTI was created in order to facilitate an understanding and appreciation of differences among human beings. No type is better than another. Carl Jung and Isabel Briggs-Myers believed that preferences are inborn while traits are not. Someone can improve upon a trait e. However, your type does not truly represent who you are. You are your own person. Myers believed that all individuals are unique in their own way. Being assigned a type does not mean you are every little detail outlined in the description.

You should make your own reasonable judgment and verify your own preferences. There are only two choices for each question which consists of word pairs and short statements.

Example questions include: Extraverts enjoy socializing and tend to be more enthusiastic, assertive, talkative, and animated. They enjoy time spent with more people and find it less rewarding to spend time alone. Introverts prefer self-reflection to social interactions. They also prefer to observe before participating in an activity. Sensing S or Intuition N Sensing refers to processing data through the five senses. They are concrete thinkers recognize details.

Intuition refers to how people process data. Intuitive people are keener to the meaning and patterns behind information. Intuitive people are more focused on how the present would affect the future. They are readily able to grasp different possibilities and abstract concepts. They easily see the big picture rather than the details Myers Thinking T or Feeling F Thinking refers to how people make decisions.

Thinking people are objective and base their decision on hard logic and facts. They tend to analyze the pros and cons of a situation and notice inconsistencies. They prefer to be task-oriented and fair.


Feeling people are more subjective. They base their decisions on principles and personal values. It is in their best mind to maintain harmony among a group. They are more governed by their heart Myers Judging J or Perceiving P Judging refers to how people outwardly display themselves when making decisions. Judging people have a tendency to be organized and prompt.

They like order prefer outlined schedules to working extemporaneously. They find the outcome more rewarding than the process of creating something.

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Judging people seek closure. Perceiving people prefer flexibility and live their life with spontaneity. They dislike structure and prefer to adapt to new situations rather than plan for it. They tend to be open to new options and experiences.

While working on a project, they enjoy the process more than the outcome Myers An overview of the 16 different personality types and adjectives corresponding to the specific type helps differentiation.

Their primary function is Extraverted Thinking while their auxiliary function is Introverted Sensing. This allows them to recognize concrete needs and remember data in detail. They are more focused on linking the past to the present. They use logic and traditional principles to guide them through life. They are quick to come up with a plan and finish it off. They place importance on closure. Because of this, they may take on leadership roles.

They are self-confident and assertive. Community is crucial to the ESTJ. They love spending time with family and friends. They learn best in situations where objectives are established as well as details so they can plan ahead. Thus, they are good with deadline. ESTJ weaknesses include their general inability to adapt to new environments.

This is because they have a set value system. The primary function is Extraverted Feeling which makes them extremely capable of expressing their emotions. Their auxiliary function is Introverted Sensing, in which outside data is taken in and compared with their inner judgment. ESFJs are guardians of the emotions of others. They are always looking to protect others feelings above all other things. In decision making they always consider how their choice will impact all those involved.

ESFJs are excellent leaders. They are driven and work hard in order to accomplish the task at hand. Their respect for protocol and tradition means that they strictly follow seniority and expect others to do the same. They tend to view the world as either right or wrong and have little tolerance for anything in- between. ESFJ weaknesses include reacting too quickly and emotionally in a situation that would be better dealt with in a pragmatic fashion.

However, if they are in a high position, respect them. The auxiliary function is Extraverted Thinking, so they will willingly speak if only data is to be presented; otherwise, the ISTJ will remain silent. They work with facts and take a methodical approach towards solving problems. They will also put themselves at risk to carry out any task assigned to them. They generally know right from wrong in their areas of interest and responsibility which makes them devoted and dutiful individuals.

ISTJs would rather see consistency in people, as seeing others keep up their ends of the bargain can be extremely frustrating. They generally keep to themselves until approached.

The primary function is Introverted Sensing, meaning they remember data in detail and relate it back to reality.

Their auxiliary function is Extraverted Feeling. They will tailor their needs to fit with those of others. Because they work so hard due to their dutiful nature, they are often taken advantage of or taken for granted. The ISFJ works methodically, as they possess good memory and analytical abilities.

They can also work in small groups or one-on-one situations because of their patience and ability to deal with others. ISFJs have few close friends, but to these friends, they are extremely loyal.

Personality types of Chinese dental school applicants.

ISFJs prefer not to delegate work and hate to be treated as doormats, but are too modest to display their accomplishments. The primary function of an ESTP is Extraverted Sensing in which they take in the world through their senses and view it in a concrete fashion. They auxiliary function is Introverted Thinking in which they are able to categorize data and apply it. They place limited importance in concept and theory and prefer to focus on what needs to be done. They view rules as guidelines and will follow them so long as it is convenient.

ESTPs have an abundance of enthusiasm and can easily motivate those around them to work. They enjoy conversation and have a well-developed sense for the attitudes of others. They are direct, hands- on, risk-takers, and have little tolerance for those who hold them back from their goals.

They can be insensitive of others feelings, but this is because of their drive to get things done. ESTP weaknesses include not being readily able to grasp what other people are feeling let alone expressing their own.

This leads on to their tendency to take risks without thought. The primary function of the ESFP is Extraverted Sensing, which means they let their feelings and experiences dictate their decisions. Their auxiliary function is Introverted Feeling, in which they know what they value. They are able to relate to others and seek to identify with those who share similar interests.

They live in the here-and-now. They are extremely outgoing: ESFPs adore being in the spotlight, and revel in the excitement and drama they see in life. They are great at working with people, and most commonly find themselves working as a peacemaker in a group.

They are extremely observant of others, and are generous and caring.

They are very accepting of everyone, and treat everyone as a friend. ESFPs tend to be too materialistic. They may have the impression that they must download the best items.

They may also not pay attention enough to their own needs because they prefer to live in the present and neglect the consequences of their actions. Their primary function is Introverted Thinking which allows them to analyze data and notice inconsistencies. In turn, their auxiliary function is Extraverted Sensing which makes them hands-on people who process data through their five senses. The ISTP enjoys working with their hands while evaluating a complex system.

They enjoy deconstructing and reconstructing a system to better learn how it works. An ISTP is always looking for ways to be involved in their work and thrive in all-or-nothing situations. They work well in crises because they are quick to make decisions and to put their thoughts into action. ISTPs are spontaneous and prefer being able to react to the current situation than follow a plan. While they have little respect for rules imposed upon them, ISTPs strictly follow their own set of internal rules.

If someone violates the principles that the ISTP holds in high regard, they become hostile and stubborn.

ISTPs prefer hands-on projects. Their primary function is Introverted Feeling which allows them to know what they value and make judgments based on these values. They strive to connect with others who share similar ideals. They live in a world full of sensation possibilities and have a strong value system in which they constantly strive to meet in their own lives. ISFPs will generally be inclined to choose careers which allow freedom for creativity and displaying their personal goals.

They prefer flexibility and do not fare will with schedules. They learn best in a hands-on approach and may be bored with traditional methods which emphasize abstract thinking.

Logic is secondary to the ISFP for they are uncomfortable dealing with objective systems. In contrast, they prefer subjectivity and love music and the arts.

Weaknesses of the ISFP include their tendency to be cynical which does not translate well onto others. They have an extreme dislike of conflict and criticism because they seek harmony and are generally irritated when their personal space has been invaded.

Their primary function is Extraverted Thinking which allows them to be organized as well as aptly categorize things. They have the keen ability to see the consequences before acting on a plan. Because of their natural ability to devise contingency plans, they usually take on the role as the leader. They find themselves in charge because they have an inclination to give structure to a project. ENTJs are willing to invest every resource that they believe is efficient into achieving something.

They dislike errors and can be demanding. Because they are incredibly organized, inefficiency and personal problems that arise may not be tolerated by the ENTJ. Because of this, they may be perceived as harsh by their peers. According to Jung a person's 'psyche' a person's 'whole being' is represented by their conscious and unconscious parts. Definition Personality is the supreme realization of the innate idiosyncrasy of a living being.

It is an act of high courage flung in the face of life, the absolute affirmation of all that constitutes the individual, the most successful adaptation to the universal condition of existence coupled with the greatest possible freedom for self- determination.

It is made up of the characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviour that make a person unique. An understanding of which helps gain insights into how individuals behave, think, react and respond to their environments. As a personality test the FITS assessment is applicable to individuals from all backgrounds, with children below 13 yrs of age being an exception.

The test has a wide range of applicability as it is a personality test. It is used across various fields to gain better understanding of self and others including Personnel selection, Individual development, enhancing interpersonal relations, teamwork, leadership, Career consultation, Marriage counseling, Organisational climate survey and for Research purposes etc.

MBTI assessment is a psychometric questionnaire designed to measure psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions.

FITS is a far simpler and concise derivative of the Jungian theory. Where MBTI is a known as an elaborate assessment measuring 16 personality types, FITS holds more practical applicability making clear an Individuals opportunities, threats, strengths and potential which are Beneficial for self-awareness and development. FITS scores on the four types Feeler, Intuitor, Thinker and Sensor helps predict a wide range of behaviours that include communication patterns, cognitions, perceptions, judgments, likes and dislikes etc.

Widely used for recruitment, and team building FITS helps identify the right person for the job or role.